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Furness Withy & Company
In 1878 Thomas and Christopher Furness commenced shipowning, in 1883
Christopher Furness purchased an interest in the shipyard of Edward
Withy and in 1884 bought the company outright. In 1885 Christopher
Furness collaborated with Thomas Wilson to form the Wilson-Furness
Line to operate services between Newcastle and New York. By 1891 the
fleet contained 18 ships and Furness, Withy & Co was founded. The first
subsidiary company was formed in 1892 as the Chesapeake & Ohio
SS Co., Ltd and a joint service to Boston was started with Frederick
Leyland & Co. In 1896 the Wilsons & Furness-Leyland
Line was formed. A new firm,
Manchester Liners Ltd was
formed in 1898 and the rights of the Canadian & Newfoundland
SS Co, were acquired the same year. The Wilsons & Furness-Leyland Line
with their London - New York service was sold in 1901 to the International
Mercantile Marine Co., but in 1902 Furness, Withy purchased Gulf
Line Ltd with their trade to South Africa and Australia. Management
of Neptune S.N. Co. was taken over in 1906 and the fleet was purchased
The same year, Agincourt SS Co. and Norfolk & North
American S.N. Co. were acquired. In 1911 a 50% holding
in Houlder Bros & Co. was purchased
plus the coastal London Welsh SS Co. 1912 saw the purchase of George
Warren's White Diamond SS Co.
and a new company, George Warren & Co.
(Liverpool) Ltd was formed. A half share in Johnston
Line was purchased
in 1914 and in 1916 Prince Line Ltd. was
bought. By this time the Furness, Withy group owned 215 ships.
Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data. The following list was extracted from various sources. This is not an all inclusive list but should only be used as a guide. If you would like to know more about a vessel, visit the Ship Descriptions (onsite) or Immigrant Ship web site.
These ships were owned and managed by the parent company. Subsidiary companies are listed seperately.
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